LET’S BEAT THE GIANT KILLER: DIABETES

Health Care

World Health Organisation is gearing up to tackle a disease most commonly known as the ‘silent killer’ … Diabetes.

The WHO’s Global Report on Diabetes released in 2016 reveals how the number of diabetes patients around the world has quadrupled from 108 million in 1980 to a whopping 422 million in 2014.

WHO also dispels the myth that diabetes is only seen in individuals with an affluent lifestyle. The report reveals that more number of diabetic patients are emerging from poor and developing countries such as India. India is infamously known as the diabetic capital of the world and by the year 2030, India will be home to 79,441,000 diabetic patients.

But what exactly is Diabetes and how does WHO aim to tackle this global pandemic?

Not so sweet!

Diabetes is a medical condition where the levels of blood sugar levels are higher than normal due to low production or ineffective use of a hormone named Insulin. Insulin regulates blood sugar and low levels of Insulin can lead to can lead to Hyperglycaemia, or raised blood sugar.

If blood sugar levels are not controlled then a diabetic patient can suffer from complications like poor wound healing and stroke. Diabetes also affects organs like eye, kidneys, nerves and the heart.

  • Type 2 diabetes is the most common variant, here the body becomes resistant to insulin.
  • On the other hand Type 1 diabetes is a type of diabetes where pancreas produces very little or no insulin.
  • The third variant is Gestational diabetes where hyperglycaemia is seen only during pregnancy leading complications during delivery.

Such mothers and their offsprings are at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Women with gestational diabetes are at an increased risk of complications during pregnancy and at delivery. They and their children are also at increased risk of type 2 diabetes in the future.

According to World Health Organisation, In 2016, diabetes was the direct cause of 1.6 million deaths and in 2012 high blood glucose lead to 2.2 million deaths.

The Blueprint

Governments around the world have committed to 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and aim to reduce preventable deaths from diseases like diabetes.

WHO aims to assists all nations by ensuring that all countries have access to low cost diagnostic equipment, cheaper anti-diabetic drugs & insulin vials. WHO will also aim to raise awareness levels of the disease and it’s management among general public.

Management:

Diabetes is a preventable disease and simple lifestyle changes can prevent the onset of the disease.

1)Healthy Diet:
A low carbohydrate diet accompanied with plenty of fruits and green leafy vegetables is best recommended.

2) Don’t be a couch potato:
Adopt a healthy lifestyle, work out for at least 30 mins daily. An overweight individual is more suspectable to turn diabetic

3) Quit the habits:
While smoking can aggravate complications associated with diabetes, drinking alcohol can surge blood sugar levels.

4) Keep a tab:
Regular visit your physician regularly to get your sugar level tested and avoid self medication.

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