DRAFT EDUCATION POLICY ROW: RAJINIKANTH BACKS SURIYA

NEWS

Over the last few days Tamil Actor Suriya has faced flak from both the Bharatiya Janta Party & the ruling AIADMK in Tamil Nadu over his comments on the controversial Draft Educational Policy. The actor is now however drawing support from his peers.

Superstar Rajinikanth backed the actor at the launch of a music festival. India Today reports that the actor said the following in his defence of his colleague,

Suriya’s statement will echo in the Prime Minister’s Office. I second what Suriya said about the National Education Policy. Suriya has been witnessing the hardships faced by students and has experience of working closely with them through his Agaram Foundation. People say Prime Minister Narendra Modi will hear when I speak. But this time his views on the subject will be heard by the prime minister

The new Education Policy created massive uproar last month after it proposed the controversial three language policy. A policy that could make Hindi Compulsory across India drawing widespread criticism from Southern states especially Tamil Nadu, later forcing the centre to clarify.

Previously Suriya faced massive flak for saying that the Government’s latest policy will not help those from the rural background as the draft education policy didn’t focus on quality education, three language policy & also criticised the fact that anganwadis with less than 10 students can be shut down.

The actor runs an NGO called as Agaram Foundation, a trust that reportedly helps underprivileged students.

After Actor turned politician Kamal Haasan had also previously backed Suriya

However both BJP & AIADMK slammed the actor over his comments. The actor was accused of being ignorant and has been accused of instigating people against the policy.

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ISRO LAUNCHES CHANDRAYAAN 2, CONGRESS TRIES TO CLAIM CREDIT

NEWS, SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Indian Space & Research Organisation created history by launching Chandrayaan 2- its historic mission to the moon which is expected to study the Lunar South Pole, an area where no other nation has gone before.

PAKISTANI PM FACES GLOBAL EMBARRASSMENT AT UNITED STATES THRICE

NEWS, World Affairs

Ahead of Pak PM Imran Khan’s visit to US, the Pakistani administration went all out to portray this visit as a major diplomatic coup by their ‘enigmatic leader’. The country wanted to peddle Imran Khan as the emerging world leader. But little did Pakistan realise that this visit would turn into their biggest nightmare.

This is Imran’s first visit to USA and his upcoming meet with Donald Trump is being hyped by the Pakistani media as a big win for the Islamic Nation.

But ever since Imran Khan has set his foot in America he has only faced global embarrassment, not once but thrice.

Numero Uno: ‘Grand Welcome’

Imran Khan’s first snub was at his arrival. Surprisingly or not so surprisingly, no official from US Government was present to receive him when he arrived. A ceremonial welcome is usually reserved for foreign head of state.

Imran Khan who was accompanied by his Foreign Secretary Sohail Mahmood and his Commerce Advisor Abdul Razzak and was welcomed by Pakistan’s Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi.

Numero Dos: the Letters of Dissemt

If ‘no welcome’ wasn’t enough, Imran was embarrassed yet again after 10 members of US Congress wrote to US President Donald to lodge a protest against Human Rights abuses in Pakistan & forced conversions of Hindus in the Islamic Nation at the time of his visit. These US leaders also added that ‘Pakistani Government was terrorising Sindh through enforced disappearances’

Not only did Imran Khan face dissent from US, 16 members of European Parliament wrote to Trump asking the US leader to ensure deteriorating situation in Balochistan was addressed.

Numero Tres: Anti-Pak slogans at Imran event

Pak media touted Imran Khan’s speech at Washington DC as the spectacle in the US, but embarrassment was in store for Pakistan when Baloch activists disrupted Imran’s speech and raised Anti-Pak slogans

Clearly Pakistan’s desperate bid to propel Imran Khan has failed, but the real question is, will Imran admit to his failures or will the pak leader remain blind to his shortcomings?

CHANDRAYAAN 2- INDIA’S TRYST WITH THE MOON

NEWS

On July 15th, scientists from ISRO will attempt what no country in the world has managed to achieve- Landing at the Lunar South Pole. Chandrayaan 2 is India’s Lunar mission & is attempting to study Earth’s closest celestial object.

Objectives of Chandrayaan 2

  • Extensive mapping of the lunar surface
  • Study variants in the composition of the lunar surface
  • Trace Moon’s origin & evolution
  • Trace evidence of Water molecules and distribution of lunar surface
  • Study permanently shadowed South Pole
  • Study craters on South Pole (cold traps) as it contains ‘fossilised record of Solar System’

Where will the Solar Mission land?

Using the Vikram Lander & Pragyan Rover, Chandrayaan 2 will attempt a soft landing between two craters – Manzinus C & Simplelius N at a latitude of 70° south. India is the fourth country to attempt soft landing on lunar surface

Watch video here

Parts of the Lunar Mission

Launcher- GSLV Mk-III

India’s most powerful launcher until today and is completely indegenous.

Orbiter

The orbiter is the relay component between the rover & scientists on ground. It will also observe the lunar surface

Lander: Vikram

Named after the father of Indian space program, Dr Vikram Sarabhai. The lander is designed to execute a soft landing & function for one lunar day (equal to 14 Earth days). Lander can communicate with ISDN in Bangalore, orbiter as well as the rover.

Rover- Pragyan

The 6 wheel robotic rover can travel upto 500m & works on solar energy. It can however only communicate with Lander

Expected landing:

After its launch on July 15, the mission will land on Moon by September 6th. The scientific experiment will be held for 14 days & the expected period for orbital experiment is one year.

Key payloads of Chandrayaan 2

  1. Chandrayaan-2 Large Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer
  2. Solar X-ray monitor
  3. Synthetic Aperture Radar
  4. Imaging IR Spectrometer
  5. Chandrayaan-2 Atmospheric Compositional Explorer 2 Quadrupole Mass Analyzer
  6. Terrain Mapping Camera-2
  7. Radio Anatomy of Moon Bound Hypersensitive Ionosphere and Atmosphere – Dual Frequency Radio Science experiment
  8. Orbiter High Resolution Camer
  9. Instrument for Lunar Seismic Activity Seismometer
  10. Chandra’s Surface Thermo-physical Experiment Thermal probe
  11. RAMBHA-LP Langmuir probe
  12. Laser retroreflector array
  13. Laser induced Breakdown Spectroscope
  14. Alpha Particle Induced X-ray Spectroscope